Genesis 11:2-4 The Babel enterprise is all about human independence and self-sufficiency apart from God. Contrary to God’s plan that people should fill the earth (e.g., 1:22, 28; 9:1, 7), the city-building project is designed to prevent the population from being dispersed over the face of the whole earth (11:4). The apostate worship at Babel indicated that man had turned against God in pride.
Genesis 11:5-8 Acknowledging the potential danger of a unified, self-confident humanity (v. 6), God intervenes by confusing their language so that they cannot understand one another. This has the desired effect of dispersing the people throughout the world (vv. 8–9). God said, “ And you, be fruitful and multiply, increase greatly on the earth and multiply in it.”
Genesis 11:10-26 Shem’s line to the Messiah is continued from Peleg, to Reu, to Serug, to Nahor, to Terah, to Abram (Abraham). Also note the young age at when the fathers were having children and how old they were when they died. As a result of the flood, man’s life expectancy was shortened dramatically.
Genesis 11:27 Haran fathered Lot. Lot was Abraham’s nephew who was in Sodom and Gomorrah when God destroyed those cities (Though he was spared).
Genesis 11:28 Abraham was from Ur of the Chaldeans. This is a city identified today in southern Iraq. The ancient city of Ur lies 186 miles (300 km) southeast of modern Baghdad on a bend of the original course of the Euphrates River.
Genesis 11:29 Abraham’s wife was called Sarai (Later changed to Sarah).
Genesis 11:30 Abraham’s wife could not have children.
Genesis 11:31-32 Terah (The father of Abraham) took of his immediate family, Abraham, Sarah, and his nephew Lot with him to go live in Canaan, but stopped on the way and settled in Haran, which is in modern Turkey.