Genesis 2:1–3 God rested does not imply that he was weary from labor. Rather, the motif of God’s resting hints at the purpose of creation. As reflected in various ancient Near Eastern accounts, divine rest is associated with temple building. God’s purpose for the earth is that it should become his dwelling place; it is not simply made to house his creatures.
Genesis 2:4 The reader is now introduced to God’s personal name, “Yahweh”. The use of “Yahweh” throughout this passage underlines the personal and relational nature of God.
Genesis 2:5–7 The verb “formed” conveys the picture of a potter’s fashioning clay into a particular shape. God breathes life—physical, mental, and spiritual—into the one created to bear his image.
Tree of Life and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil
The tree of life is believed to provide eternalness. The tree of the knowledge of good and evil represents morality and a responsibility to choose. To “die” has the basic idea of separation. It can mean spiritual separation, physical separation, and/or eternal separation. At the moment of their sin, Adam and Eve died spiritually, but because God was merciful they did not die physically until later. There is no reason given for this prohibition, other than it was a test. There was nothing magical about that tree, but eating from it after it had been forbidden by God would indeed give man the knowledge of evil—since evil can be defined as disobeying God. Man already had the knowledge of good.
Genesis 2:15 Work was an important and dignified part of representing the image of God and serving him, even before the fall.
Genesis 2:18 A wife is not her husband’s clone but complements him.
Genesis 2:21 One of his ribs. – Not above to lord over, not below to be subjected by, but in the middle to be equal. This was the first surgery and anesthesia.
Genesis 2:23–24 This at last is bone of my bones and flesh of my flesh
This sentence and the story of Eve’s creation both make the point that marriage creates the closest of all human relationships.
Therefore a man shall leave his father and his mother and hold fast to his wife
They “left” their parents in the sense of putting their wife’s welfare before that of their parents. Marital relationship was established as the first human institution. The responsibility to honor one’s parents does not cease with leaving and the union of husband with wife but does represent the beginning of a new and primary responsibility.