Mark 14:1-11 Two days before Passover (The day the Hebrews left Egypt), the Jewish leaders were trying to figure out how to arrest and kill Jesus before Passover began to avoid a riot from the people. While Jesus was at Simon the leper’s house (Apparently a follower of Jesus that was cured of his leprosy by Jesus), a woman comes in and anoints Jesus’ head with expensive oil. It was Judas who saw the waste in this and stated that it could have been sold and given to the poor, but Judas really would have liked to have taken the sale of the perfume and steal some of the money for himself. Jesus rebuked Judas and praised the woman for what she did knowing full well in her heart why she did it, recognizing who Jesus was and was preparing Him for his burial. This made Judas mad, and at that moment decided to go ahead with his plans by betraying Jesus to the Jewish leaders to where Jesus was hiding so they could come and arrest Him. Judas would make money off the betrayal.
Notes: The sale of such costly oil would have yielded more than 300 days’ wages of a laborer. This oil was derived from the nard plant, which was native to India. That it was pure meant it was genuine and unadulterated, which is what made it so costly. Judas was not a Galilean like the other disciples. It is clear that Judas never had any spiritual interest in Jesus—he was attracted to him because he expected Jesus to become a powerful religious and political leader. He saw great potential for power, wealth, and prestige through his association with him. But Jesus knew what Judas was like from the start, and that is why he chose him as one of the Twelve. He was the one who would betray him so that the Scripture and God’s plan of salvation would be fulfilled. Only two people were allowed to accompany a lamb to the sacrifice. man carrying a jar of water. This is the only way that Jesus identified the man. But he stood out because it was uncommon for a man to carry a pitcher of water—women usually performed that chore.
Mark 14:12-21 The Passover celebration began and it was time to find a lamb to sacrifice and to eat the Passover. Jesus sent two of his disciples to meet a man in the city carrying a jar of water who would instruct them where they would be having the Passover celebration. The disciples found the man, the room, and prepared it for the Passover meal. At evening, Jesus arrived with the His 12 disciples or apostles. As they shared the feast, Jesus announced that one of the twelve was going to betray Him. The disciples worried and asked, “Is it I?”. Jesus clarified by stating that the one that dipped their bread in the wine the same time He did was the one to betray Him. In John’s Gospel, this was only told quietly to John. Judas dipped his bread in the wine when Jesus did. Jesus said that it was written that He must die no matter what, but woe to the man who betrayed him, for what was in store for him eternally would be so terrible it would have been better if he was never was born.
Mark 14:22-31 Jesus told the disciples that the bread they were eating signified His body and the wine His blood which will ratify the new covenant that will be shed for many to be saved. Jesus said the next time He drank wine with His disciples would be when He established His kingdom. They sang some hymns then went out to the Mount of Olives. Jesus warned his disciples that when He was arrested, they would run for their lives, but assured them that after He rose from the dead, He would appear to them in Galilee. Peter denied he would run away. Jesus told Peter he would deny Him three times before the rooster crowed twice that evening. Regardless, all the disciples were adamant that they would never deny Jesus and would die with Him.
Notes: Jesus’ body and blood will be the ultimate and final sacrifice required and accepted by the Father as the true atonement for man’s sins.
Mark 14:32-42 Jesus and His 11 disciples went to a place called Gethsemane where He asked them to sit while He went to pray. Jesus brought with Him Peter, James, and John and began to become greatly distressed over what was about to happen to Him. Jesus told the 3 disciples to watch and pray. Jesus prayed to His Father that if it was possible that what was about to happen to Him could be altered, but knowing that all things were possible for the Father, Jesus was willing to submit to His Father and go through with His Father’s plan for Salvation. Jesus found the 3 disciples sleeping. Jesus woke Peter and rebuked him for not even staying awake for 1 hour. Jesus went back and prayed the same prayer again. When He came back, He found the 3 asleep again. After the 3rd time praying to His Father, he found the 3 disciples again sleeping. Jesus woke them and told them that the time was at hand for Him to be betrayed and arrested by the Jewish leaders.
Notes: Jesus’ sorrow was so severe that it threatened to cause his death at that moment. It is possible for a person to die from sheer anguish. Jesus knew that it was in the scope of God’s power and omniscience to provide an alternate plan of salvation if he desired. Christ was to endure the fury of God over sin, Satan, the power of death, and the guilt of iniquity. The three disciples remained indifferent not only to the needs of Christ at that moment but their need of strength and watchfulness for the impending temptation that all 11 would face. The disciples needed to learn that spiritual victory goes to those who are alert in prayer and depend on God, and that self-confidence and spiritual unpreparedness lead to spiritual disaster.
Mark 14:43-52 Judas led a crowd with swords and clubs to take Jesus. To signify who Jesus was to the crowd, Jesus said to take the man that he kissed. Judas approached Jesus, called him Rabbi, and kissed Him. The crowd laid hands on Jesus, but Peter drew his sword (more like a long knife) and struck the servant of the high priest and cut off his ear. Jesus questioned their method of arresting Him as if He was a robber. Jesus allowed Himself to be arrested and His disciples ran like the wind!
Notes: Roman soldiers were in this crowd because the Jewish leaders who organized the throng needed permission from Rome to carry out the death penalty and feared the crowds.
Mark 14:53-65 Jesus was led to the high priest where all the Jewish leaders assembled together to try Him in their court. Peter followed Jesus at a distance to keep an eye on what was going on. The Jews were trying to find a way to convict Jesus of something so they could kill Him. All the witnesses they gathered to testify against Jesus couldn’t even agree with one another. Finally, the high priest asked Jesus straight out, “Are you the Christ, the Son of the God?” Jesus said He was, and the He soon would be seated at the right hand of the power of God and will come again with clouds of Heaven to execute judgment. They charged Jesus with blasphemy making Himself equal with God, claiming to be God, so they condemned Him to death. They spit on Him, blindfolded His eyes and struck Him and then asked Him to declare (If He was God) who struck Him.
Notes: Only the Roman governor Pilate has the authority to execute Jesus. tore his garments. A ceremonial, and in this case contrived, display of grief and indignation by the high priest over the presumed dishonoring of God’s name by Jesus.
Mark 14:66-72 Meanwhile in the courtyard, Peter was still mingling with the crowd outside when 3 times he was approached and accused of being one of Jesus’ followers. Peter, afraid for his life, denied he knew Jesus even to the point where he used profanity to try to convince His accusers. After the third denial, the rooster crowed twice just as Jesus predicted. Peter remembered what Jesus said, felt great sorrow, broke down and wept.