Mark 10:1-12 Jesus taught the crowds of Judea beyond the Jordan. The Pharisees to again test Jesus and asked if it was lawful to divorce their wives. Jesus said it said that Moses was permitted to allow it for their hearts were hard, but God meant that marriage was made to be forever until death except in cases of of adultery.
Notes: The religious leaders believed that Moses allowed it by writing a certificate of divorce for any reason whatsoever.
Mark 10:13-16 The disciples rebuked the people for bringing their children to Jesus. Jesus rebuked the disciples for they belong to the Kingdom of God also. Jesus emphasized that anyone that didn’t receive the kingdom of God like child shall not enter it. Jesus took the children in His arms and blessed them.
Notes: The disciples consider children to be an annoying distraction.
Mark 10:17-31 The rich young man asked Jesus how to get eternal life. Jesus tested him by telling him to keep the law. The man said that he did keep it, which of course is impossible. Jesus again tested the man and said that he must sell everything he owned and give it to the poor. The man refused and walked away. Jesus told the crowd that it is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than for a rich person to enter the kingdom of God. The disciples, believing that a rich person was rich because God blessed them and favored them were stunned. If a rich favored person by God can’t get into the kingdom, then who can? Jesus said man has no say or power to get into the kingdom, only God can make it happen. Peter reminded Jesus that they left everything to follow him. Jesus assured them that those that followed Jesus by dying to oneself would receive rich rewards in eternal life.
Notes: Contrary to childlike trust, the rich young man relies on his possessions and his self-righteousness to inherit eternal life. Jesus speaks lovingly to the man’s heart. You lack one thing. The man has replaced direct trust in God and its reward (treasure in heaven) with earthly riches. He thus fails the first commandment, “You shall have no other gods before me”. This does not mean that every disciple of Christ must sell all that he has; rather, the heart must be focused on God, and every possession yielded to God, with the result that possessions will be handled as a form of stewardship. The man’s true state has been laid bare, but he does not repent. Jesus’ teaching ran counter to the prevailing rabbinical teaching, which gave the wealthy a clear advantage for salvation. Jesus’ emphatic teaching that even the rich could not be saved by their own efforts left the bewildered disciples wondering what chance the poor stood. It is impossible for anyone to be saved by his own efforts since salvation is entirely a gracious, sovereign work of God.
Mark 10:32-34 They were not coming to Jerusalem for the final time. It scared the disciples for they remembered that Jesus said that He would die there. Jesus again reminded His disciples that the Son of Man will be delivered to the Romans by the religious leaders to be condemned and put to death, and after three days will rise.
Mark 10:35-45 James and John requested to sit closest to Jesus when He His Glory figuring it was a good time to ask if Jesus was about to die. He asked them if they were willing to suffer as Jesus suffered and to the full mile. They said they were. Jesus agreed that they would, but a person’s status is up to the Father alone. The other 10 disciples were mad at John and James for asking such a thing. Jesus told them all that if you want to be great in the Kingdom, you must be a servant. Who ever desires to be first, must be the servant of all, just as Jesus was willing to do for us by dying on the cross as a ransom for many.
Notes: Since only Jesus will bear the divine judgment in a substitutionary way, the disciples’ suffering will be for their own purification and for God’s glory. Matthew reveals that their mother accompanied them and spoke first, after which James and John reiterated her request. If she was Jesus’ aunt, the three undoubtedly hoped to capitalize on the family ties.
Mark 10:46-52 Arriving at Jericho, a blind beggar who heard Jesus was passing by called out, “Jesus, Son of David, have mercy on me!” The blind knew who Jesus was by acknowledging His title and knowing that the Messiah could grant mercy. Jesus, despite the crowd telling the blind man to shut up, called the blind the man to Himself. Jesus asked what the blind wanted from Him, and he replied to see again. Jesus healed the man because of his faith in Jesus, and he became a disciple and followed the rest of them to Jerusalem.
Notes: Bartimaeus joins Jesus and the other pilgrims on their final journey to Jerusalem, indicating that he has become one of Jesus’ disciples.