Mark 5:1-13 When they reached the other side of the sea they entered the country of Gerasenes (Gadarenes). A man with an unclean spirit from the a graveyard appeared to Jesus. The man was so strong via the evil spirit(s) that he could break out of chains that people tried to bind him with. He cried out night and die and cut himself with stones. He asked Jesus what He had to do with him, referring to Jesus as the Son of the Most High God and begged Jesus not to torment him (cast him into hell where the evil spirits in the beginning of Genesis were cast). He said this because Jesus said to the spirit to come out of the man and was afraid that Jesus was going to send him to hell bound up. The evil spirit said that his name was Legion when asked by Jesus. When the spirit saw a herd of pigs passing by, he begged Jesus to transfer him to the pigs instead of hell. Jesus gave them (the legion of spirits in the man) to enter the pigs, and once this happened, the 2,000 pigs went nuts and they all dove off a steep bank into the sea and drowned.
Notes: unclean spirit. This refers to the demon who was controlling the man. Such spirits in themselves were morally filthy and caused much harm for those whom they possessed.
cutting himself. The goal of demons is to destroy the person created in the image of God. The man’s demonization is evident in his social isolation, superhuman strength, and self-destructive tendencies. A legion was the largest unit of the Roman army and at full strength had 6,000 soldiers. This does not necessarily mean that there were 6,000 demons in the man, only that there were a great many. Due to Hellenistic influence, ceremonially unclean pigs are no surprise in the Gentile Decapolis region.
According to his sovereign purposes Jesus allowed the demons to enter the pigs and destroy them—the text offers no other explanation. By doing this, Jesus gave the man a graphic, visible, and powerful lesson on the immensity of the evil from which he had been delivered.
Mark 5:14-20 The herdsman who owned the pigs were mad for their future profits for the pgis were gone. They went and got some people from the city and surrounding country to come and see this man Jesus. The herdsman explained to the people what happened, and they begged Jesus to leave their region. As they were about to leave in the boat, the once demon possessed man begged that he could go with the disciples. Jesus did not permit him to go, but instead told the man to go home and tell everyone how much the Lord did and had mercy on him. The man went home and told all who would listen what happened and the people marvelled.
Notes: Jesus wanted the restored man to be a witness to God’s power in the Decapolis—an example of Jesus intentionally instructing a restored person to proclaim what had happened to him, in contrast to his call for secrecy in other cases. Jewish and Gentile people in the Decapolis did not yet pose the same danger of misunderstanding Jesus as a political or military messiah, as was the case in Galilee.
Mark 5:21-34 Upon arriving back on the other side of the Sea, a great crowd was there waiting for Him. A ruler of a synagogue, Jairus, fell at Jesus’ feet and begged Him to come and heal his daughter who was on her sick bed. Jesus went with Jairus. On his way, a woman with a non stop 12 year blood discharge touched Jesus’ robe believing that she would be healed. And she was healed. Even though the crowd pressed all around Jesus, He felt the power that healed the woman flow out of Him and he questioned who touched Him. The disciples though the question strange, but Jesus wanted to converse with the woman. She stepped forward trembling, fell before Jesus, and claimed to be the one that touched his robes. Jesus told her that her faith made her well, to go in peace, and that her disease was healed.
Notes: Rulers of the synagogue presided over the affairs of the synagogue, including organizing and teaching in synagogue services. On account of the woman’s condition, she is ceremonially unclean and is not permitted to enter the temple section reserved for women; nor is she permitted to be in public without making people aware that she is unclean. By touching Jesus’ garment, she technically renders him ceremonially unclean, but Jesus is greater than any purity laws, for he makes her clean by his power instead of becoming unclean himself. Jesus senses in himself, probably indicating some physical sensation in his body, that power had gone out from him, not merely by being touched but by being touched by someone who has faith that he can heal her.
Mark 5:35-43 At the moment, a member of Jairus’ home came and said that it was too late, for Jairus’ daughter was dead and not to trouble Jesus any longer. Jesus said to Jairus not to fear, but only believe that a healing can still happen. When they arrived at Jairus’ home, Jesus went in with Peter, James and John. There were hired wailers weeping loudly. Jesus asked why they were weeping for the child was not dead but just sleeping (‘Dead’ from Jesus’ point of view). The wailers laughed at Jesus, so Jesus had them leave the house. Jesus took along Jairus and his wife into their daughters bedroom. Jesus took her hand, and told the girl to rise. Immediately, as if waking up from sleep, the 12 year old girl got out of bed and started walking around. The parents was overcome with amazement. Jesus told them not to tell anyone what He did, and told them to give their daughter something to eat.
Notes: Touching a dead person renders one ceremonially unclean, but once again Jesus overcomes uncleanness, for the girl comes back to life.
put them all outside. This was an emphatic, forceful expulsion of the mourners which showed Christ’s authority and was done because the disbelieving mourners had disqualified themselves from witnessing the girl’s resurrection.
Talitha cumi. Mark is the only Gospel writer who recorded Jesus’ original Aramaic words. “Talitha” is a feminine form of “lamb,” or “youth.” “Cumi” is an imperative meaning “arise.”
no one should know this. Knowledge of the miracle could not be completely withheld, but Christ did not want news of it to spread until after he had left the area, because he knew such news might cause his many Jewish opponents in Galilee to seek him out and kill him prematurely. He also wanted to be known for bringing the gospel, not as simply a miracle-worker. Jesus was no doubt concerned that the girl and her parents not be made the center of undue curiosity and sensationalism.