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Mark - Chapter 02

Bible Study Notes
Mark 2:1-12 Jesus returned and preached in Capernaum. Because of the crowds, 4 men carrying a paralytic had to climb up and enter the home through the thatched roof. Jesus, seeing their great faith to receive a healing said to the paralytic, “Your sins our forgiven.” The scribes who were in the house claimed that Jesus blasphemed for only God could forgive sin. Jesus posed a challenge to the scribes that would prove that Jesus had the authority to forgive sins. He asked the scribes, “Which is easier to say to the paralytic, ‘Your sins are forgiven,’ or to say, ‘Rise, take up your bed and walk?’” The answer obviously is “Your sins are forgiven”, because you can’t disprove whether sins are forgiven or not. To prove that Jesus can forgive sins, he did the harder of the two choice and healed the man. They were all amazed and glorified God saying that they never seen anything like this before.

Notes: Capernaum served as the base for his Galilean ministry. The opponents reason therefore that Jesus is guilty of blasphemy, which is punishable by death.

Mark 2:13-17 Jesus called Levi while at his tax booth to follow him. Levi left all behind and followed. Jesus was invited to Levi’s home and was eating and fellowshipping with Levi’s friends who consisted of other tax collectors for Rome and sinners. The scribes questioned why Jesus would eat with such people. Jesus told them he came to save sinners, not those who don’t think they need saving.

Notes: According to Pharisaic interpretation, Jesus is to keep himself “clean” from such people. Jesus pursues a third path: personal purity and the fellowship of mercy. Because of Levi and his guest’s professions, they were considered social outcasts. The term scribes of the Pharisees seem to indicate that not all scribes were Pharisees. Pharisees were a legalistic sect of Jews known for their strict devotion to the ceremonial law. The repentant person—the one who recognizes he is a sinner and who turns from his sin—is the object of Jesus’ call. The person who is sinful but thinks he is righteous refuses to acknowledge his need to repent of his sin.

Mark 2:18-22 The people questioned Jesus why His disciples did not fast when John the Baptist, his disciples and the Pharisees did. Jesus said that the wedding guests should be feasting while the bridegroom (Jesus) was present. They will have plenty of time to fast when the bridegroom is taken away (After Jesus dies). John the Baptist and the Pharisees are of the old way. Jesus is presenting a new way. You can’t mix the old and new covenants together. Grace and the Law can’t coexist. Grace is superior to the Law. You can’t be under Grace and under the Law at the same time. If you do, then Grace ceases to be grace.

Notes: John’s disciples or followers of John the Baptist did not transfer their allegiance to Jesus.

Mark 2:23-28 Jesus’ disciples plucked heads of grain to eat as they passed through the grainfields on the Sabbath day. The Pharisees, who added many restrictions and regulations to the existing law that should not have been done said that the disciples were breaking the law. What exactly of the made-up regulations the disciples were breaking in debated among scholars. Jesus reminded the Pharisees that King David did the same thing, but worse, by eating the day-old show bread on the altar to feed himself and his men when he was fleeing from King Saul and he was not condemned for it. Jesus said that the Sabbath was made for man, not the other way around. And what more, Jesus was the Lord of the Sabbath, so He was the author of Sabbath and what can and can’t be done on that day.

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