Numbers 34:1-5 The Lord commanded Moses to speak to Israel that when they enter Canaan, their southern borders shall be from the Wilderness of Zin to the end of the Salt Sea on the east. The limit shall be south of Kadesh-barnea and pass along to Azmon. The border than shall turn to the Brook of Egypt to the limit of the sea.
Notes: The boundaries of Canaan that Israel shall inherit have never been stated until now.
Numbers 34:6-12 The western border shall be the Great Sea (Mediterranean). The northern border shall be from the Great Sea to Mount Hor, to Lebo-hamath to the limit of Zedad. The border shall extend to Ziphron and its limit shall be at Hazar-enan. The eastern border shall be Hazar-enan to Shepham, to Riblah, to the shoulder of the Sea of Chinnereth on the east. The border shall then go down to the Jordan to the limit of the Salt Sea.
Notes: Israel never occupied all this territory—it represents the Promised Land, not the subsequently occupied land, of Israel. Sadly, the actual conquest of the land fell far short of these boundaries.
Numbers 34:13-15 The Lord then talks about the tribe’s lot of land west of the Jordan River that shall be given to nine and half of the tribes. The other half of Manasseh, Reuben, and Gad will take the land on the east of the Jordan River and east of Jericho.
Notes: The boundary is not always clear. Oversimplifying, Canaan consisted of the land between the Mediterranean and the Jordan plus modern Lebanon and a portion of modern Syria.
Numbers 34:16-29 Eleazar the priest and Joshua, the son of Nun shall be ones responsible for dividing up the land. They shall take 1 chief from every tribe to divide the land. The remaining verses lists the chiefs by name chosen for each tribe.
Notes: These distributors are the tribal chiefs of the 10 tribes who will settle west of the Jordan. Thus, no chiefs of Reuben and Gad are listed, because they are settling in Transjordan.