Skip Navigation Links

Numbers - Chapter 33

Bible Study Notes

Numbers 33:1-14 This chapter recounts Israel’s Journey. The children of Israel left Egypt under the leadership of Moses and Aaron. The departed from Rameses on the day of the Passover as the Egyptians buried their firstborn that the Lord struck down. They next camped at Succoth, then at Etham, then at Pi-hahiroth before Migdol. They passed through the red sea and entered the wilderness, then journeyed three days to Marah, then at Elim, then at the Red Sea, then the Wilderness of Si, then at Dophkah, then at Alush, and then at Rephidim (where there was no water to drink).

Notes: These verses summarize Exodus. The defeat of Pharaoh (who was regarded as divine) and the plagues of Egypt demonstrated that the Lord is more powerful than all the gods of Egypt. And as the Lord had treated the Egyptian gods, so Israel was to abolish the worship of rival deities in Canaan.

Numbers 33:15-37 They left Rephidim and camped in the wilderness of Sinai, then Kibroth-hattaavah, then Hazeroth, then Rithmah, then Rimmon-perez, then Libnah, then Rissah, then Kehelathah, then Mount Shepher, then Haradah, then Makheloth, then Tahath, then Terah, then Mithkah, then Hashmonah, then Moseroth, then Bene-jaakan, then Hor-haggidgad, then Jotbathah, then Abronah, then Ezion-geber, then Kadesh, then Mount Hor at the end of the land of Edom.

Numbers 33:38-49 Aaron died at Mount Hor 40 years after leaving Egypt at the age of 123 years old. King of Arad heard that Israel was coming. They left Mount Hor and camped at Zalmonah, then Punon, then Oboth, then lye-abarim in the territory of Moab, then Dibon-gad, then Almon-diblathaim, then Abarim before Nebo, then in the plains of Moab by the Jordan at Jericho. They camped by the Jordan from Beth-jeshimoth as far as Abel-shittim in the plains of Moab.

Numbers 33:50-56 The Lord spoke to Moses in the plains of Moab and instructed him to tell the people that when they crossed the Jordan river into Canaan, that they shall drive out all the inhabitants of the land, destroy their figured stones, metal images and high places. Israel was to take possession of the land inherited by Lot according to each tribe. The larger the tribe, the larger the territory. The Lord warned that if they did not drive out all the inhabitants of the land, those that remained would become a thorn in their side, and the Lord will do to Israel what He thought to do to the inhabitants of the land.

Notes: This stern warning against religious syncretism and cultural assimilation is repeated often in Deuteronomy and Judges. It concludes with a warning that Israel herself will go into exile if she compromises: I will do to you as I thought to do to them.

Copyright 2020