Numbers 26:1-5 The Lord instructed Moses and Eleazar to count the people of Israel, from twenty years old and upward who can go to war.
Numbers 26:6-51 Reuben clan totaled 43,730. Simeon clan totaled 22,200. Gad clan totaled 40,500. Judah clan totaled 76,500. Issachar clan totaled 64,300. Zebulun clan totaled 60,500. Manasseh clan totaled 52,700. Ephraim clan totaled 32,500. Benjamin clan totaled 45,600. Dan clan totaled 64,400. Asher clan totaled 53,400. Naphtali clan totaled 45,400. The total was 601,730.
Notes: The great decline in the tribe of Simeon might be due to its participation in the sin of Baal of Peor.
Numbers 26:52-56 The Lord told Moses that the land will be divided among the tribes based on their size. The location will be decided by lot.
Numbers 26:57-62 The Levites were made up of Gershon, Kohath, and Merari. Kohath was the father of Amram. Amram’s children were Aaron and Miriam. Aaron sons were Nadab, Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar. Nadab and Abihu died early when they offered unauthorized fire before the Lord. There were 23,000, every male from a month old and upward.
Numbers 26:63-65 All the people were listed while the children of Israel were in the plains of Moab by the Jordan at Jericho. None of those listed were of those condemned to die in the wilderness because of their unbelief. The only two who survived because of their loyalty and obedience were Caleb and Joshua.
Notes: As in the first census (3:14–39), the Levites were counted separately. The total number of Levites was 23,000 (26:62), an increase of 1,000 over the previous census (see 3:39).