Numbers 10:1-10 The Lord instructed Moses to make two silver trumpets for summoning the congregation and for breaking camp. When both are blown, all the adult males of the congregation shall come to you, else if one is blown, only the chiefs. Assembling shall be a long blast for the trumpets. Aaron and the priests will blow the trumpets. They shall be used when entering battle, for festivals, offerings, and sacrifices.
Notes: According to a Jewish tradition, these instruments were between 12 and 20 inches long and had a narrow tube that was flared at the end.
Numbers 10:11-28 The children of Israel finally set out from the Wilderness of Sinai in the second year, in the second month, on the 20th day of the month for the land of Canaan. Their first stop was in the Wilderness of Paran (Kadesh). They set out in the order that the Lord had previously instructed which included the Levites responsibilities with handling the tabernacle and everything in it. The ark led the way showing, like the cloud, symbolizing and conveying God’s presence and guidance of his people.
Notes: 13 months after leaving Egypt, the children of Israel broke camp and began their journey to Canaan.
Numbers 10:29-32 Moses told his brother-in-law, Hobab, to come with him, but he declined. Moses begged him to come for Hobab knew where they would camp next and would serve as eyes for the Israelites on their journey, promising that God will treat him and his people (the Midianites) as good as the Israelites.
Notes: The text of Numbers does not explicitly state whether Hobab responded to Moses or not. But Judg. 1:16 implies that Hobab agreed to Moses’ request. Later, he joined with Judah in the conquest of the land and did receive the blessing of dwelling in the land.
Jethro, Moses’ father-in-law was of the Midianites, who unfortunately later would prove to be enemies to Israel as they tried to enter the land of Canaan. But Hobab’s descendants (Jethro’s son) were called the Kenites, who did assist the children of Israel in their battles.
Numbers 10:33-36 The set out on a three day’s journey. Whenever the set out, Moses would say, “Arise, O Lord, and let your enemies be scattered, and let those who hate you flee before you.” Whenever they camped, Moses would say, “Return, O Lord, to the ten thousand thousands of Israel.”
Notes: As Israel traveled and encamped, Moses prayed that the Lord would give victory and that his presence would be among her.