Numbers 6:1-12 An Israelite who makes the Nazirite vow is to refrain from wine, strong drink, and even drinking or eating from grapes. They are not to cut their hair, shall be holy, and shall not go near a dead body of anyone to become unclean. They shall shave their head if they do come in contact accidentally with a dead body, and on the 8th day, offer a two pigeons or turtle doves as a sin and burn offering for atonement. A male goat shall be made for a guilt offering.
Notes: “Nazirite” transliterated is a Hebrew term meaning “dedication by separation.” The Nazirite’s hair was like the high priest’s crown. Like the high priest, the Nazirite was holy to the Lord. If the Nazirite inadvertently came in contact with a dead body, he was to shave his head, on the eighth day bring the prescribed offerings, and begin the days of his vow again. This is a good illustration of the fact that sin can become mingled with the best intentions, and is not always premeditated. When sin is mixed with the holiest actions, it calls for a renewed cleansing.
Nazarites were the most dedicated lay people in the OT. Samson, Samuel, and John the Baptist were lifelong Nazarites, but usually a person took a vow to become a Nazirite for only a specific period of time.
Numbers 6:13-20 When the Nazarites separation is complete (When they decide to not be a Nazarite anymore), they shall present a male lamb as a burnt offering, one ewe lamb as a sin offering, and one ram as a peace offering, and a basket of unleavened bread prepared as a grain offering with drink offerings. At this time, the Nazirite shall shave their head and burn it in the fire under the sacrifice of the peace offering. The priest shall give the Nazirite the shoulder of the ram, one unleavened loaf of the bread, one unleavened wafer, and wave them before the Lord. This is the priest's portion. After this, the Nazirite may drink wine.
Numbers 6:21 If the Nazirite vows an offering above what is required, they shall do in addition to the law of the Nazirite.
Notes: If the ex-Nazirite had pledged to do more than keep the Nazirite abstention rules, he must fulfill those pledges too.
Numbers 22:27 The Lord instructed Moses to instruct Aaron and his sons to bless the people of Israel in this way:
The Lord bless you and keep you;
The Lord make his face to shine upon you and be gracious to you;
The Lord lift up his countenance upon you and give you peace.
Notes: God shone forth in benevolence on Israel and looked on them for good. The name of the Lord represented his person and character. The priests were to call for God to dwell among his people and meet all their needs. The Hebrew for peace is shalom which in its most expressive fullness – not the absence of war, but a positive state of rightness and well-being. Such peace comes only from the Lord.