Numbers 2:1-9 The tribes shall camp together around and facing the Tabernacle with their Standard and banners. East Side: Judah, Issachar, and Zebulun.
Notes: The banners were flags identifying the individual tribes (probably with some sort of insignia). The standards were flags marking each of the four encampments of three tribes each. Judah occupied the place of honor to the east. Genesis 49:8–12 highlights the role and centrality Judah would have in the defeat of Israel’s enemies. Judah was the tribe through which the Messiah would be born.
Numbers 2:10-17 South Side: Reuben, Simeon, and Gad
Numbers 2:17-24 West Side: Ephraim, Manasseh, and Benjamin (children of Jacob and Rachel)
Numbers 2:24-31 North Side: Dan, Asher, and Naphtali.
Numbers 2:32-34 The Levites were not listed among these Tribes for they served and protected the Tabernacle.
Notes: As the tribes marched, the tabernacle was transported in the middle of the tribes of Israel, six in front and six behind.