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Hebrews - Chapter 10

Bible Study Notes

Hebrews 10:1:4 The Jews who continue to practice the old covenant after Jesus, do it in vain. They still have their consciousness unclean because only through Christ can they be made clean. The only good it does is continue to remind the Jews that they are sinners, but they must understand that that the blood of bulls and goats can never take away their sins, but only cover them temporarily.

Notes: The Levitical system was not designed by God to remove or forgive sins. It was preparatory for the coming of the Messiah in that it made the people expectant. It revealed the seriousness of their sinful condition, in that even temporary covering required the death of an animal. It revealed the reality of God’s holiness and righteousness by indicating that sin had to be covered. Finally, it revealed the necessity of full and complete forgiveness so that God could have desired fellowship with his people.

Hebrews 10:5:10 The scriptures clearly state that the sacrifices would not be sufficient and that God has prepared His perfect Son to do the job. See Psalm 40:6-8. By Jesus coming to do His Father’s will, Jesus does away with the first in order to establish the second covenant, sanctifying us through the offering of His body once and for all.

Hebrews 10:11:18 Levitical priests are on their feet daily sacrificing for sins that can never by wiped clean. Jesus sacrificed Himself once and has sat down on the right side of His Father in Heaven waiting for the consummation of time and his return to the earth to rule. The Father assures us that He will completely forgive us from our sins because of what Jesus has done and remember ours no more. If all sins are forgiven, then there no longer remains a sacrifice.

Notes: When Jesus’ flesh was torn at his crucifixion, so was the temple veil that symbolically separated men from God’s presence. When the high priest on the Day of Atonement entered the Most Holy Place, the people waited outside for him to return. When Christ entered the heavenly temple, he did not return. Instead, he opened the curtain and exposed the Most Holy Place so that we could follow him. Here “flesh” is used as was “body” and “blood” to refer to the sacrificial death of the Lord Jesus.

Hebrews 10:19:25 Let us now draw near to the Father with a true heart full of faith, being washed clean and our consciences clean. Don’t fall away from your faith, for God’s promises are trustworthy to those who persevere. Help each other to love and do good works and to meet regularly.

Notes: Holding on, or the perseverance of the saints, is the human side of eternal security. It is not something done to maintain salvation, but is rather an evidence of salvation. confession of our hope. Affirmation of salvation. without wavering: The idea is not to follow any inclination that leads back to the Old Covenant. In other ancient literature, the same Greek term is used of enduring torture. Persecution will, but God is faithful. Temptations will abound, but God is faithful to provide an escape. God’s promises are reliable. With that confidence, the believer can persevere.

Hebrews 10:26:31 If you keep sinning deliberately after receiving the knowledge of the the truth of Christ and ignore His sacrificial death, there remains no other way for you to be saved, but be fearful of the judgment and the fire that will consume you! If one would perish under the law of Moses by doing wrong with two or three witnesses, how much more will you be punished if you reject Jesus.

Notes: Ultimately, such judgment is that of eternity in the lake of fire. There will be degrees of punishment in hell.

Hebrews 10:32:39 Remember when you first came to be saved. You endured struggles with sufferings, you were afflicted. You had compassion on those in prison and you accepted the plundering of your property since you knew that it was all temporary and you had something better waiting for you eternally. Don’t lose that, but endure to the end, your faith in Christ, in order to receive His promises for those who follow Him.

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