Hebrews 9:1:10 The writer of Hebrews explains the regulations of worship under the old covenant, the lampstand, the table, and the bread of the Presence. He talks about the Most Holy Place behind the veil, the golden altar of incense, the Ark of the Covenant that held the manna, Aaron's budded staff, and the 10 commandments on stone that Moses brought down from Mt Sinai. Lastly, he mentions the Mercy Seat on the ark where the cherubim are above it. Outside the veil, the priests sacrificed daily. Behind the veil, on the Day of Atonement, the High Priest went into the Holy Place once a year with the blood of the sacrifice that he offered for himself and the people. This Holy Place was not opened to the common people at that time.
Notes: The Levitical system did not provide any direct access into God’s presence for his people. Rather, it kept them away. Nearness had to be provided by another way (v. 12). This is the primary lesson that the Holy Spirit taught concerning the tabernacle. It teaches how inaccessible God is apart from the death of Jesus Christ. Only Christ could open the way. The sacrifices of the OT did not remove the offerers’ guilty conscience or provide them with full forgiveness for their sins.
Hebrews 9:11:22 But now, Christ entered the Most Holy place (In Heaven) by His own blood thus securing us eternal redemption. Jesus’ blood, through the Spirit, offered himself without blemish to God and purified our conscience from dead works to serve the living God. Jesus is now the mediator of the new covenant, so all that are called and believe will receive the promised eternal inheritance which redeems us from the sins committed under the old covenant. In the old covenant, everything was sprinkled with the blood of the sacrifice, even the people. And now under the new covenant, we are sprinkled and washed clean by the blood of Jesus on us.
Notes: Christ’s death was necessary for the fulfillment of the older covenant and the establishment of the new. Salvation is not an end in itself. The believer has been freed from sin to serve God, saved to serve.
Hebrews 9:23:26 Jesus is now in the presence of God our father in the Holy Place in Heaven on our behalf. He offered Himself once and once only, never to repeat the sacrifice like under the old covenant once a year on the Day of Atonement by the High Priest in the Holy Place behind the veil. Jesus has put away all sins. There remains no more sacrificing.
Hebrews 9:27:28 Man is appointed to physically die once and then be judged. In contrast, Jesus was offered once and then he will return to save those that are His.
Notes: On the Day of Atonement, the people eagerly waited for the high priest to come back out of the Most Holy Place. When he appeared, they knew that the sacrifice on their behalf had been accepted by God. In the same way, when Christ appears at his second coming, it will be confirmation that the Father has been fully satisfied with the Son’s sacrifice on behalf of believers.