Hebrews 7:1:3 Melchizedek came out of nowhere to greet and bless Abraham. Abraham gave Melchizedek a 10th of the spoil from his battle. Melchizedek means king of righteousness (Jesus). He was the king of Salem, which means peace. Since is history is not recorded, he resembles Jesus in this way, a priest forever.
Hebrews 7:4-10 The Levites were commanded to take a tithe (10th) from the people also. Melchizedek comes before the Levites, so Melchizedek is more superior just as Abraham’s faith was more superior than the Law given by Moses.
Notes: Melchizedek not only received a tithe from Abraham, he also blessed him. This proves again Melchizedek’s superiority. The superior person (Melchizedek) blessed the inferior (Abraham), thus the Melchizedek priesthood is superior to Abraham and all his descendants (implicitly including the Levitical priesthood).
Hebrews 7:11-17 The children of Israel could not obtain perfection through the Levitical priesthood, so they needed a perfect Priest (Jesus) after the order of Melchizedek.
Notes: Jesus wasn’t from the tribe of Levi, but of Judah who had nothing to do with priests. So Jesus didn’t become a priest through bodily descent (through Levi), but partially through Juda, and partially by the Holy Spirit qualifying Jesus to be a Priest forever for He was outside the Levitical system where each priest succeeded then previous high priest through mortal means. Since Christ is the Christian’s high priest and he was of the tribe of Judah, not Levi, his priesthood is clearly beyond the law, which was the authority for the Levitical priesthood. This is proof that the Mosaic law had been abolished. The Levitical system was replaced by a new Priest, offering a new sacrifice, under a New Covenant. He abolished the law by fulfilling it and providing the perfection that the law could never accomplish. Death could not conquer Jesus; therefore, his priesthood lasts forever.
Hebrews 7:15-22 The Levitical priesthood was weak through mortality and all that comes with it. Jesus is the better solution, for He was before the Levitical priesthood existing with the Father in Heaven before the creation of the world, He was without sin, so He was the perfect Priest, and the perfect sacrifice.
Notes: The Levitical priesthood produced priests without them giving an oath to their office. But for Jesus, the Father Himself swore an oath about Jesus as High Priest when He said Jesus would be a priest forever after the order of Melchizedek, making Jesus the guarantor of a better covenant. Because Jesus is the eternal Second Person of the Godhead, Christ’s priesthood cannot end. He obtained his priesthood, not by virtue of the law, but by virtue of his deity.
Hebrews 7:23-28 There were many Levitical priests for they died. Jesus lives forever for He is God. And since Jesus he lives forever, he can continually intercede to the Father on our behalf. The bottom line: Jesus was (unlike the Levitical priests), holy, innocent, unstained, separated from sinners, and exalted above the heavens. Jesus doesn’t need to offer sacrifices daily for us for He sacrificed Himself once and for all for His sacrifice was all that was needed for every sin committed and to be committed.