Hebrews 3:1-6 Jesus was faithful to His Father who appointed Him to be the apostle and high priest of our confession. Jesus is worthy of more glory than Moses was appointed over the Law, for Jesus also built God’s house. Moses was faithful in God’s house where Jesus was faithful over God’s house as a son. And we as His followers, brothers, and sisters are his house.
Notes: An apostle is a “sent one” who has the rights, power, and authority of the one who sends him. Jesus was sent to earth by the Father. The topic of the high priesthood of Christ will be taken up again in greater detail in 4:14–10:18.
Jesus is supreme over all God’s past representatives, whether they be prophets, priests, or kings. Jesus’ supremacy is emphasized in this epistle to the Jews, so that his readers would not give up Christ, whom they had professed, and reject what he had done for them, if they could understand the superiority of his person and work.
The term, house, refers to a family of people rather than a building or dwelling. Moses was only a part of God’s household of faith, whereas Jesus was the Creator of that household and, therefore, is greater than Moses and equal to God.
Hebrews 3:7-15 And who are His followers? Those who hear His voice, obey, and enter into God’s rest. Be careful not to be deceived by sin that can cause your heart to become hard and fall away from the living God. We must persevere in belief until the end.
Notes: Despite God’s miraculous works and his gracious, providential faithfulness to them, the people still failed to commit themselves to him in faith. The writer of Hebrews presents a three-point exposition of the OT passage: 1) beware of unbelief, be afraid of falling short, and be diligent to enter into God’s rest. The themes of the exposition include urgency, obedience (including faith), perseverance, and rest. At salvation, every believer enters the true rest, the realm of spiritual promise, never again laboring to achieve through personal effort a righteousness that pleases God. The Lord wanted both kinds of rest for that generation who was delivered from Egypt.
Hebrews 3:16-19 And example of those who heard God and rebelled were the Hebrews who were led out of Egypt by Moses. Their sin, and constant lack of faith and belief in God’s word for forty years caused them to not enter the Promised Land for God rejected them. Those who did enter the Promised Land entered God’s rest, the same we spiritually enter God’s rest when we obediently place our faith in Jesus.
Notes: The writer’s exposition of Ps. 95:7–11 is summed up by the obvious conclusion that the Israelites who died in the wilderness were victims of their own unbelief.