Hebrews 1:1-4 The writer of Hebrews (Unknown) instructs his readers that God originally spoke to them through the scriptures and prophets, but in the last days, through his Son, Jesus. Jesus is the fulfillment of the old covenant. Jesus is the heir of all things. Jesus is the glory of God and the exact image of God’s nature. After dying for all our sins, he sat down at the right hand (power, authority, and honor) of the Father. Jesus is superior to the angels. For in Jesus, God became a man and was called the Son of God. Jesus is God’s final and definitive revelation.
Notes: Since the book of Hebrews is grounded in the work of the Levitical priesthood, an understanding of the book of Leviticus is essential for properly interpreting Hebrews. Israel’s sin had continually interrupted God’s fellowship with his chosen and covenant people, Israel. Therefore, he graciously and sovereignly established a system of sacrifices that symbolically represented the inner repentance of sinners and his divine forgiveness. However, the need for sacrifices never ended because the people and priests continued to sin. The need of all mankind was for a perfect priest and a perfect sacrifice that would once and for all actually remove sin. God’s provision for that perfect priest and sacrifice in Christ is the central message of Hebrews.
Notes: Last Days - Jews understood the “last days” to mean the time when Messiah (Christ) would come. Since God has spoken finally and fully in the Son, and since the NT fully reports and interprets this supreme revelation once the NT is written, the canon of Scripture is complete. No new books are needed to explain what God has done through his Son. Now believers await his second coming and the city to come.
Hebrews 1:5-12 The angels are instructed to worship Jesus. Angels are ministers of God. Jesus is called God and has been given a throne and a kingdom by His Father that he will rule in righteousness forever. God the Father anointed God the Son as the Messiah. Jesus with was with Father from eternity past and helped create the universe.
Notes: Son. A title of Christ expressing the voluntary submission of the Second Person of the Godhead to the First Person for the purpose of fulfilling the program of redemption established in eternity past.
Today I have begotten you. A poetic expression reflecting the unique relationship of the Son to God. This speaks of entering into a new phase (When Jesus was born a man) of that Father-Son relationship and should not be pressed to suggest that the Son once did not exist.
Firstborn is a title that conveys preeminence in family lineage and rights of inheritance.
The writer of Hebrews argues for the deity and the lordship of the Son over creation.
It is clear that the writer of Hebrews had the three messianic offices in mind: Prophet, Priest, and King.
The Son who created the universe, one day will destroy the heavens and earth that he created, but he remains unchanged. Immutability (Unchangeable in character, will, and covenant promises) is yet another characteristic of the divine essence. Once again the OT testifies of the Son’s deity.
Hebrews 1:13-14 God the Father never said to an angel to sit at his right hand of power until all His enemies are made into a footstool for their feet. This God the Father granted to God the Son. For angels are ministering spirits sent out into the world to serve for the sake of those who are to inherit salvation. And salvation comes from our Lord and God, Jesus, the Messiah, the Anointed One, the Savior of all.
Notes: your enemies a footstool: This statement expresses the sovereignty of Christ over all. While Christ’s destiny is to reign, the angels’ destiny is to serve the recipients of salvation.