Leviticus 23:1-8 The Lord's appoints feasts as holy large formal assembling of the children of Israel. The Sabbath day was a day of rest and no work shall be done. The Passover shall be celebrated on the 14th of the 1st month at twilight. The next day, the 15th, shall be the Feast of Unleavened Bread to be eaten for 7 days. The 1st day and 7th day of the feast no work shall be done. Food offerings may be presented to the Lord during the 7 days.
Notes: The Feast of Unleavened Bread is a festival connected with the Passover commemorated Israel’s hurried departure from Egypt and the associated hardships
Leviticus 23:9-14 The Feast of Firstfruits shall be celebrated after they enter the Promised Land. The first of the harvest shall be presented to the Lord by means of the priest. It shall be waived by the priest before the Lord. A year old lamb without blemish shall be offered as a burnt offering. The grain offering with it shall also be offered based on its rules and regulations. The same applies to the drink offering which is then offered. No bread or grain shall be eaten until these offerings are complete.
Notes: Firstfruits symbolized the consecration of the whole harvest to God, and was a pledge of the whole harvest to come
Leviticus 23:15-22 The Feast of Weeks are seven weeks that the children of Israel shall celebrate after the Feast of Firstfruits for a total of 50 days. On day 50, a grain offering shall be made from their own dwelling of two loaves of bread to be waived according to its rules and regulations. Along with the bread, 7 one year old lambs without blemish, one bull, and two rams shall be offered as burnt offerings in addition to a drink offering. One male goat shall be offered as a sin offering, and two male lambs as a sacrifice of peace offerings. They shall be waved before the Lord by the priests. They shall be holy to the Lord. No work is to be done on that day. They shall not reap all their fields, but leave the edges for the poor to gather and eat.
Notes: The Feast of Weeks, 50 days, corresponds to Pentecost (coming of the Holy Spirit upon the Apostles 50 days) after Jesus rose from the dead.
Leviticus 23:23-32 The Feast of Trumpets is to be celebrated on the 1st of the seventh month as a day of rest. It will be a memorial proclaimed with a blast of trumpets. No work is to be done that day. A food offering to the Lord is to be made. The Day of Atonement is to be celebrated on the 10th of the seventh month. The people shall afflict themselves (fast or not eat anything) and offer a food offering to the Lord. No work is to be done that day. This day is the day set aside to make atonement for themselves to the Lord. People who do not observe this day shall be cut off. The day before on the 9th through the Day of Atonement shall be treated as a Sabbath.
Notes: The annual Day of Atonement pointed to the forgiveness and cleansing of sin for the priests, the nation, and the tabernacle.
Leviticus 23:33-44 The Feast of Booths shall be observed on the 15th of the seventh month for seven days. They will erect and live in booths. The 1st and 8th day no work shall be done. They shall present food offerings for seven days to the Lord. On the eighth day they shall present also a food offering. During the Feast of Booths, they shall take branches of palm trees, the boughs of leafy trees, and willows of the brook to make their booths and rejoice before the Lord and live in the booths for 7 days. This is to remind them of their wandering days in the Wilderness after the Lord took them out of Egypt.
Notes: This festival commemorated God’s deliverance, protection, and provision during the wilderness wanderings of the exodus.