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Leviticus - Chapter 21

Bible Study Notes

Leviticus 21:1-6 No one of the priests shall make himself unclean by coming in contact with the dead except for close relatives. They shall not make bald patches on their heads, beards, or cut their bodies. They shall be holy and not profane the Lord in these ways.

Notes: These acts are pagan mourning and burial practices. The priests of Israel oversee the ceremonial worship of the people, and therefore, no Canaanite ritual is to penetrate the priestly system. Even in burial practices the priests are to be holy.

Leviticus 21:7-9 The priests shall not marry prostitutes, defiled, or divorced women. Any daughter of priest of profanes herself shall be burned with fire.

Leviticus 21:10-15 The chief priest shall not let his hair hang loose and not tear their clothes. He shall not come into contact with ANY dead person. He shall never leave the sanctuary. His wife must be a virgin only.

Leviticus 21:16-24 No priests with blemishes (blind, lame, mutilated face, limb too long, injured foot or hand, hunchback, dwarf, itching disease, scabs, or crushed testicles) shall offer bread on the altar. They may eat the bread, but are not allowed to offer the bread through the veil or approach the altar.

Notes: Just as the sacrifice had to be without blemish, so did the one offering the sacrifice. As visible things exert strong impressions on the minds of people, any physical impurity or malformation tended to distract from the weight and authority of the sacred office, failed to externally exemplify the inward wholeness God sought, and failed to be a picture of Jesus Christ, the perfect high priest to come

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