Leviticus 3:1-5 Peace offering the third type of freewill offering to the Lord. It is like the Burnt Offering, but the fat of the entrails, kidneys, lobe of the liver shall be burned on the altar on top of the burnt offering as a food offering that is a sweet smelling aroma to the Lord.
Notes: The other difference from that of the Burnt Offering is that a female can be used in the sacrifice. The fat in ancient Israel represented the very best part of the animal. The “fat” would be like filet mignon, i.e., the most succulent and savory part of the animal. To present this to the Lord was a way of acknowledging that he was the One worthy of most honor.
Leviticus 3:6-11 Peace offering specific to a lamb: Include the fatty tail as a food offering to the Lord.
Notes: as a food. The sacrifice was intended to symbolize a meal between God and the one offering it, where peace and friendship were epitomized by sharing that meal together.
Leviticus 3:12-16 Peace offering specific to a goat: No new instructions. These verses simply repeat 1 through 5.
Leviticus 3:16-17 All fat from a sacrifice is the Lord’s portion. They worshipper or the priests shall never eat the fat or the blood of a sacrifice.
Notes: The fat represented the very best part of the animal. The blood was reserved for a very special purpose: atoning for the life of the Israelites.