Leviticus 2:1-3 Grain offerings were to be of fine flour soaked with oil and frankincense and burned on the altar by Aaron’s sons as a food offering with a pleasing aroma to the Lord. The priest shall burn only a handful and the rest could be eaten by Aaron and his sons. These offerings were made for requests and praise.
Notes: Fine flour paralleled the unblemished for an animal. Again, fine and the costly spice of frankincense showed yet again that the Israelites were to bring their best to the altar for sacrifice.
Leviticus 2:4-10 Variations of the grain offering can be baked either be baked in an oven, griddled or cooked in a pan, but it must be unleavened and seasoned with salt.
Notes: Leaven or yeast is used in bread to make it rise. Represents sin so that why it was commanded to be left out. The oil represents anointing a human with oil for an appointment. Here it is for a Holy sacrifice.
Leviticus 2:11-13 No leaven or honey was to be used in baking the bread for it wasn’t allowed to be burned on the altar. They both induced fermentation which symbolized how sin works in our lives. Salt must always be used.
Notes: the salt of the covenant. This was included in all of the offerings since salt was a symbol of high quality or loyalty to the covenant.
Leviticus 2:14-16 First fruits were not to be burned on the altar, but roasted first at home by the worshipper.
Notes: The first fruits was the first of the grain to be produced from the ground and was offered before harvesting the rest.