Acts 2:1-4 On Pentecost (Day 50 after Jesus died and rose from the grave), a mighty wind like sound filled the entire house where the disciples hid. What appeared to be divided tongues as of fired appeared and rested on each of them. They were then filled the Holy Spirit and immediately spoke in other languages based on the discretion of the Spirit.
Acts 2:5-13 Devout Jews that were from all nations that travelled to Jerusalem for the Passover heard the noise and gathered outside the house for each group heard the native tongue spoken. They were amazed because the disciples were from Galilee. They were amazed and perplexed not knowing what it meant. Some accused the disciples of being drunk.
Acts 2:14-21 Peter, full of the Holy Spirit, stood before the crowd and addressed their concerns. He said they were not drunk for the taverns were not open yet at 3pm. He then uttered a prophecy from the prophet Joel about this very day, the outpouring of the Holy Spirit from God. And at the day, all who call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved.
Notes: The last days are not just in the distant future but were inaugurated at Pentecost (cf. 1 Cor. 10:11; 2 Tim. 3:1; Heb. 1:2; James 5:3; 2 Pet. 3:3) and will continue until Christ’s return. They are the “last days” in that the coming of the Messiah, long predicted in the OT, has now occurred. His saving death and resurrection have been accomplished, and now the work of the Holy Spirit in building the church is a key event in the history of salvation that needs to occur before Christ returns. he darkened sun and bloody moon, whether literal or symbolic, indicate the final consummation of the earth. Peter included the full prophecy even though not all of it was yet fulfilled.
Acts 2:22-28 Peter attested that Jesus, who the Jews in Jerusalem delivered to be crucified (Though it was part of God’s plan to do so) had been raised up by God from the dead so that we may have the same hope of the resurrection for all that put their faith in Jesus.
Notes: A reminder to the Jews that David’s body had never been raised, so he could not be the fulfillment of the prophecy of Ps. 16.
Acts 2:29-41 Peter testified that God promised King David that He would set one of his descendants on his throne, and He did so, the Lord Jesus Christ. When the crowd heard this, they were convicted that they killed their Messiah and wanted to know what to do now? Peter said to repent and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins, and you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. Peter continued to exhort the people to be saved and there were added that day about three thousand souls.
Notes: Peter quoted Ps. 16:8–11 as a text pointing to the resurrection of Jesus, noting that David spoke of God not abandoning him to death. He then reasoned that, because David died, the psalm must have been speaking about one of his descendants. Since Jesus is the only one who conquered death and is a descendant of David, he must be the promised Messiah whom David foresaw.
Notes: God the Father first gave the promise that the Holy Spirit would come in a greater, more powerful way to accomplish his work in people’s lives (as indicated in Peter’s quote from Joel 2 in Acts 2:17–19). Then, when Christ’s work on earth was accomplished, Christ was exalted to the second highest position of authority in the universe, namely, at the right hand of God, with ruling power delegated to him by God the Father. Then Christ received authority from the Father to send the Holy Spirit in this new fullness. Finally, on the day of Pentecost, Jesus himself poured out the Holy Spirit on the disciples in a new and more powerful way (cf. vv. 1–11); the image of pouring suggests overflowing abundance and fullness.
Acts 2:42-47 The 3000 devoted themselves to the apostles’ teaching and the fellowship, to the breaking of bread and the prayers. The apostles were backing up their message with miracles done by the Holy Spirit. They all sold what they had so that all would have the same things in common. They received their portion with glad and generous hearts, praising God and having favor with all the people. The Lord added to their number every day those who were being saved.
Notes: The early church was devoted to the apostles’ teaching, which would have included Jesus’ earthly teaching plus what he taught the apostles in his 40 days of resurrection appearances. Fellowship (Gk. koinōnia, “participation, sharing”) included the sharing of material goods (v. 44), the breaking of bread (vv. 42, 46), which likely covers both the Lord’s Supper and a larger fellowship meal, and prayers in house meetings and likely also in the temple (vv. 42, 46).