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Exodus - Chapter 25

Bible Study Notes

Exodus 25:1-9 Those whose hearts were moved to contribute their wealth were asked to do so in order to make the Lord a sanctuary or tabernacle that Moses will be responsible to build, instructed by the Lord for the Lord Himself to dwell in. They will contribute gold, silver, and bronze (used for currency), yarns, linen, acacia wood, oil, spices, precious stones, etc.

Notes: Israel’s ability to make a contribution for the sanctuary was most likely possible through the precious metals and materials that the people brought out of Egypt according to the promise of the Lord. A sanctuary is a “holy place,” which, like the ground at the burning bush, is made holy by the Lord’s presence. A tabernacle is a noun derived from the verb “to dwell”.

Exodus 25:10-22 An ark (which will be God’s throne) made of acacia wood shall be built overlaid with gold. Four rings shall be attached so it can be carried by two poles of acacia wood overlaid with gold that shall be put and remain within the rings. The tablets of the 10 commandments shall be placed in the ark. A mercy seat (Which means to make atonement) and two Cherubs (Angelic beings) shall be made to place on top of the ark. The Lord will meet with the Moses above the mercy seat and speak to him all the commandments for the people of Israel. Atonement for Israel’s sins shall take place on the mercy seat.

Picture this: The Lord (Shekinah glory) shall appear above the ark and the tablets of the 10 commandments shall be place within the ark. The blood of the sacrifice is sprinkled on the mercy seat in between the two to grant atonement between man and God. The Cherubim facing the mercy seat guard it. They represent in reality the majestic glory and presence of God. They are the bearers of God’s throne, and they guarded the way back into the Garden of Eden and the Tree of Life when Adam and Eve were kicked out.

Notes: Archaeological finds from non-Israelite societies suggest that these sometimes looked like winged bulls or lions with human heads.

Exodus 25:23-30 A table for bread shall be made of acacia wood overlaid with gold. Four rings of gold shall be attached to its four legs. Two poles shall be overlaid with gold made to carry the table. Plates and dishes for incense, and bowls to pour drink offerings shall also be made of gold. Bread shall be made and placed on the table weekly in the presence of the Lord.

Notes: The bread of the Presence consisted of 12 flat loaves of bread, symbolizing the 12 tribes of Israel. The bread represents the 12 tribes that were sustained constantly under the watchful eye and care of their Lord. The bread was eaten in the Holy Place each Sabbath by the priests on duty. The bread of the Presence is understood to typify the Lord Jesus Christ as the Bread that came from heaven.

Exodus 25:31-37 A lampstand (or Menorah seen celebrated during Hanukkah by the Jews) of pure gold shall be made of hammered work. Six branches, three on each side with cups to sit on each branch made like almond blossoms. Four additional almond blossom cups up the center of the lampstand. Seven lamps shall be made to sit on the six branches and the center stand for lighting up the room that holds the ark and table of bread.

Notes: The lamp provides light (supplied with olive oil lit with a flame) within the tabernacle, and the priests will be instructed to keep it burning regularly so that it would not be extinguished. The lampstand is seen as typifying the Lord Jesus Christ, who was the true light that came into the world. Its description in terms of cups, calyxes, and flowers shows that it was a symbolic tree, recalling the tree of life in Eden.

Exodus 25:38-40 Tongs and trays shall be made of gold to service the lamp. All these things for the lamp shall be made of 1 talent of gold.


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