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Exodus - Chapter 18

Bible Study Notes

Exodus 18:1-9 At some point, Moses sent his wife, Zipporah, and his sons, Gershom and Eliezer, to live with his father-in-law, Jethro, on his way to confront Pharaoh. Jethro now brought Moses’ wife and sons to Moses while in the wilderness, camped now near Mt. Sinai.

Moses told Jethro all that God had done in Egypt and the hardship they endured on the way to Mt. Sinai. Jethro rejoiced that the Lord delivered Moses and the children of Israel.

Exodus 18:10-12 Jethro acknowledged that the Lord is greater than all the gods and brought a burnt offering and sacrificed to the Lord. Aaron and the elders came and ate bread with Moses and Jethro.

Exodus 18:13-23 Jethro witnessed that it was not good that Moses alone judged the cases of the children of Israel from morning to night. He advised Moses to take on the tougher cases and be responsible only for instructing the people with God’s laws and to represent them before God. The majority of the other cases should be delegated to chosen qualified people under him. This would ease Moses’ burden so he would not burn out in his service to the Lord.

Exodus 18:24-27 Moses listened to the advice of Jethro and did all that he suggested. After this, Jethro alone returned to his own country.

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