Exodus 9:1-7 The Lord sent Moses to Pharaoh again and warned that if he refused to let the His people go, the Lord would bring a plague of death the next day against their livestock, but it won’t affect the livestock of Israel. Pharaoh refused, and the next day the Lord killed all the Egyptians livestock, but Pharaoh just hardened his heart and still refused to let the Jews go free.
Notes: Pharaoh even had one of his servants check to see if any of the Jews livestock died, and even though it was reported that their livestock was still alive, Pharaoh still hardened his heart.
Exodus 9:8-12 The Lord instructed Moses to cast soot from the kilns into the air that would become fine dust over the land, causing boils to break out on all men and beasts. Moses did this and it happened, even to the magicians. Pharaoh’s heart was hardened by the Lord so that Pharaoh would not listen to Moses.
Notes: Soot from the kilns that made the bricks by the Jews in the their slavery - That which participated so largely in their oppressive labor became the source of a painful health hazard for the oppressors!
Exodus 9:13-16 The Lord sent Moses to Pharaoh again and warned that if he refused to let the His people go; the Lord would bring plagues against Pharaoh, his servants, and his people directly. The Lord has shown mercy to Pharaoh by not wiping him and his people out with death earlier, but Pharaoh’s time is about up. The Lord raised up Pharaoh for the purpose of showing His power and that His name would be proclaimed in all the earth, for these plagues brought to Egypt who eventually reach the ears of the other nations. God had been gracious and longsuffering in the progression of the plagues.
Exodus 9:17-21 The Lord will bring heavy, never before seen type hail the next day on Egypt. The Lord warns that anything not sheltered will be killed by this hail in order to test those Egyptians whose heart fear the Lord and are not hard.
Exodus 9:22-26 The Lord instructed Moses the next day to stretch out his hand toward heaven to bring on the hail. Fire was mingled with the hail. It struck down man, beast, and plant in the open fields. It broke every tree. Only in Goshen, where the Jews lived, was there no hail.
Exodus 9:27-32 Pharaoh admitted to Moses and Aaron that he has sinned and the Lord was in the right, and that he and the people were wrong. He promised to let the Jews go if the Lord stopped the hail. Moses said it would be granted as soon as he left the city. Moses let Pharaoh know that he really didn’t believe Pharaoh and this was just another lie or ploy to get the hail to stop. The barley was destroyed, but not the wheat. This was another merciful act of the Lord.
Notes: The explanation about crops in Egypt (Barley destroyed, but not the wheat) indicates that Pharaoh took comfort from what remained in his land rather than acknowledging the destruction that had already come.
Exodus 9:33-35 Moses left the city, stretched out his hand, and the hail stopped. Pharaoh seeing the hail stopped, sinned again, hardened his heart, along with his servants, and did not let the Jews go free.