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Exodus - Chapter 08

Bible Study Notes

Exodus 8:1-7 Moses was commanded again to return to Pharaoh and threaten him with a plague of frogs if he didn’t let the children of Israel go free. Frogs will be EVERYWHERE!!! Pharaoh refuses, Aaron stretched his staff and caused the frogs to come, but those magicians were able to replicate the miracle.

Notes: That Egyptians favored frogs was seen in the wearing of amulets in the shape of a frog and in the prohibition against intentionally killing frogs, who were considered sacred animals. The croaking of frogs from the river and pools of water signaled to farmers that the gods who controlled the Nile’s flooding and receding had once again made the land fertile. The god Hapi was venerated on this occasion because he had caused alluvial deposits to come downstream. Further, the frog was the representation, the image, of the goddess Heqt, the wife of the god Khum, and the symbol of resurrection and fertility. The presence of frogs in such abundance, all over everywhere outside and inside the houses, however, brought only frustration, dismay, and much discomfort, rather than the normal signal that the fields were ready for cultivating and harvesting.

Exodus 8:8-15 Pharaoh for the first time asked Moses to plead with the Lord to remove the frogs, and if he did, will let the people go. Moses asked when? Pharaoh said, tomorrow. And if it happens tomorrow as Pharaoh says, then know that there is no one like the Lord our God. Moses pleaded with God, and God did as Moses asked. All the frogs died except for those in the Nile. But when Pharaoh saw that the plague was over, he hardened his heart and reverted back to his old ways not giving Moses or God another thought.

Notes: Again, the magicians could not REMOVE the frogs. I wonder what the Egyptian people were thinking about all this?

Exodus 8:16-19 God caused gnats to multiply EVERYWHERE!!!! This time, the magicians could NOT repeat the miracle, and confessed to Pharaoh that this was no trickery of Moses and must be from their God, but Pharaoh’s heart was hardened and would not listen.

Notes: Some of Pharaoh’s servants begin to recognize what he fails to see: the God who sent Moses and Aaron has shown that he has power over Egypt and that Pharaoh’s persistent defiance is harming his own people.

Exodus 8:20-24 Again, God sent Moses to Pharaoh and warned him that if he didn’t let His people go that the LORD would send a swarm of flies EVERYWHERE!!! Not only that, but not one fly will bug the Hebrews in the land of Goshen where they live that they may KNOW that the LORD is God!!! Pharaoh refused to listen, God sent the flies, and the flies ruined the land.

Exodus 8:25-32 Pharaoh finally agreed to let the children of Israel go and sacrifice to their God, but only within the land of Egypt!!!! Moses pleaded that their sacrifice would offend the Egyptians and insisted they went on a 3 day journey outside of Egypt to perform their sacrifice. Pharaoh agreed, but told Moses not to go TOO far. Pharaoh asked again that Moses plead with the LORD to remove the flies. Moses said he would do so and they would be gone the next day. Moses warned Pharaoh to uphold his end of the deal and not cheat them again by changing his mind the last minute. Moses prayed to God, and God removed to flies the next day. But again, Pharaoh hardened his heart and cheated Moses and refused to let the children of Israel go free.


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