Exodus 3:1-6 An angel of the LORD appeared to Moses on Mt Horeb in a flame of fire from a bush that would not be consumed. This sparked Moses’ curiosity, so he went to investigate. The LORD waited for Moses and revealed Himself as the God of his ancestors.
Notes: Moses is around 80 years old. Mt Horeb is also known as Mt Sinai. Fire is used to verify God’s presence to Israel, as in the pillar of fire that led the children of Israel through the wilderness. This angel is a manifestation of God Himself.
Holy Ground: God is Holy and it is He who makes places and people Holy.
Exodus 3:7-12 God revealed to Moses that it was time to fulfill His promises to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob by freeing His people and giving them the land of Canaan for an inheritance. God chooses Moses to lead His people out of Egypt. Moses felt inadequate to handle the task. The LORD assured Moses that He would be with him every step of the way. Proof of this is that Moses would one day return with the children of Israel to the very spot where they are now conversing.
Exodus 3:13-18 God told Moses to reveal to the children of Israel that His name is, “I AM WHO I AM” and that “I AM” has sent me (Moses) to deliver you. God assured Moses that the children of Israel will listen to him and some of the elders of Israel will even go with him and present their case before Pharaoh and ask to take a three day journey into the wilderness in order to sacrifice to their God.
Notes: God’s name: To know the name of someone was to know something very essential about that person. God’s name, “I AM” means in Hebrew, “Yahweh” which is to be understood that He is eternal in His existence. Most modern English translations translate “Yahweh” as “the LORD”. When Jesus told the Pharisees, “Before Abraham was, I am”, He was identifying Himself as Yahweh of the old testament which is why the Pharisees wanted to stone Him.
Exodus 3:19-22 The LORD knows of course that Pharaoh will not let them go into the wilderness unless forced by His mighty hand. God tells Moses that after He strikes the land of Egypt with all His mighty wonders will Pharaoh then finally let the children of Israel go free, but not empty handed. The Egyptians will be so happy to see the children of Israel leave that they will give away their silver and gold jewelry and clothing to them on their way out of the land.
Notes: The Lord frames the request to Pharaoh in terms of his people being able to worship Him. This signifies to Israel that their freedom from slavery is governed by the promises and purposes of the covenant relationship with the Lord, and it shows Pharaoh that the nature of this relationship supersedes any claim he has on Israel.