John 2:1-5 Jesus’ mother, Mary, Jesus and His disciples were all invited to some wedding in Cana. Mary brought it to Jesus’ attention that the wine was all gone. Jesus replied that for Him to do something about it really had nothing to do with Him for His hour had not yet come. Mary went ahead and told the servants to do whatever Jesus tells them to do.
Notes: Such a wedding celebration in Israel could last for a week. Financial responsibility lay with the groom. He was on a divine schedule decreed by God before the foundation of the world. Since the prophets characterized the messianic age as a time when wine would flow liberally (Jer. 31:12; Hos. 14:7; Amos 9:13–14), Jesus was likely referring to the fact that the necessity of the cross must come before the blessings of the millennial age.
John 2:6-10 After Jesus turned the plain water into wine, the servants had the master of the feast taste it to ensure it was good to serve the attendees. He said to the bridegroom is so many words, “It is near the end of the feast and you now serve the best wine?” In other words, when the people became drunk from the good wine, they later wouldn’t know that they were drinking cheap wine. Jesus not only provides, but provides His best.
John 2:11-12 The miracle manifested His glory and his disciples believed in Him.
John 2:13-17 Jesus went to Jerusalem for the Passover (Feast commemorating the Jews end of slavery in Egypt). Jesus drove those selling sacrificial animals in the temple because of their dishonoring and deceitful ways.
Notes: Those coming from foreign lands would need to exchange their money into the proper coinage for the tax. The money-changers charged a high fee for the exchange. With such a large group of travelers and because of the seasonal nature of the celebration, both the animal dealers and money-changers exploited the situation for monetary gain (“den of robbers”; Matt. 21:13). Religion had become crass and materialistic.
Notes: By conducting their business in the temple complex, however, these individuals disrupted the worship of non-Jewish God-fearers (see note on 12:20) and thus obstructed the very purpose for which the temple existed.
John 2:18-22 The leaders were furious and wanted a sign from Jesus that He had the authority to do what He did. Jesus responded by saying in so many words, “By destroying Me (this temple), I Myself will raise Myself from the dead”. The answer to this states clearly that Jesus is the Messiah and God and that is the sign that He has the authority. Unfortunately, the leaders did not understand the spiritual significance of Jesus’ sign, for they thought He was speaking literally of the physical temple. As we will later see, Jesus was destroyed on the cross, and He was raised from the dead.
Notes: As with his usage of parables, Jesus’ cryptic statement most likely was designed to reveal the truth to his disciples but conceal its meaning from unbelievers who questioned him
John 2:23-25 Jesus performed many signs while at Jerusalem and many believed in his name, but Jesus didn’t fully trust their complete understanding of Who He was and what He was truly all about for He also did not trust their motives for believing in Him.