Deuteronomy 33:1-12 Before his death, Moses blessed the people. Reuben to live, but men be few. Judah would lead the nation and would need the Lord's help. Levi was to fulfill their tasks as priests and to be protected. Simeon was omitted, but was given land south of Judah. Benjamin was to have security and peace by God. They were given land north of Judah.
Notes: There is no mention of Simeon in the list of tribes, perhaps because the tribe was going to be dispersed and absorbed by Judah.
Deuteronomy 33:13-22 Joseph (His sons were Ephraim and Manasseh) would enjoy material prosperity, and military might. Ephraim would have greater military success in the future over his brother Manasseh as predicted by Jacob's blessing that they younger would be greater than they younger. Zebulun and Issachar would see blessings as the traded on the seas. Gad had large territory east of the Jordan and had the most success against the Canaanites. Dan had great energy and strength and had two settlements, one in the north and one in the south.
Notes: chose the best of the land for himself. Gad and Reuben requested land across the Jordan that is ideal for cattle.
Deuteronomy 33:23-25 Naphtali would have the favor of God and His blessing, having land in the West of Galilee and south of the northern Danites. Asher was the most blessed and the favorite of his brothers for he would be experience abundant fertility and prosperity depicted by reference to a foot-operated oil press.
Notes: Naphtali’s land bordered the Sea of Galilee. Olive oil was a symbol of wealth.
Deuteronomy 33:26-29 Moses concluded his blessings with a reminder of the uniqueness of Israel's God. The fulfillment of the blessings of safety, saved by the Lord, and how their enemies shall fawn to them and their backs be tread upon by Israel will see its ultimate fulfillment in the future when Christ returns.
Notes: God promised to be a shield for Abram.