Deuteronomy 24:1-9 A man could divorce his wife if he finds indecency in her, but if she remarries and that marriage ends in divorce, she can not remarry her first husband again. A newly married man is free of public service or the army for one year. A mill or upper millstone may not be taken as a pledge. A man found to steal and sell his brethren into slavery shall die. The Israelites must be careful when dealing with the laws in regards to leprosy.
Notes: He was to devote that year of marriage to the enjoyment and establishment of his marriage. This may give the couple time to have at least one child and develop their relationship. Two millstones were needed to grind grain. Neither was to be taken in pledge because it was indispensable to one’s daily subsistence. Kidnapping is regarded as theft and is the only type of theft for which the death penalty applies; these laws place a higher value on persons than on property.
Deuteronomy 24:10-15 A man who loans money shall not go into the lenders house and collect his pledge. The pledge must be brought to the lender. If the pledge is clothing, it must be returned each evening so the borrower doesn’t freeze. They are not to oppress any hired workers who are poor. Wages are to be paid each day before sunset.
Notes: his pledge. This would often be a cloak, an outer garment, which was given in pledge to guarantee the repayment of a loan.
Deuteronomy 24:16-19 Fathers shall not be put to death over their children’s sins nor visa versa. They were take special care not to pervert justice to the sojourner, fatherless, or widows.
Notes: The administration of law should be carried out with equity for all members of society, including those with the least power and influence, e.g., widows, orphans, and immigrants.
Deuteronomy 24:20-22 The Israelites were to beat their olive trees once to shake off the olives. The remaining olives shall be for the sojourner, fatherless, and widows. The Lord commands all of this because they were slaves in Egypt which should humble them to treat others kindly as they wish they were treated when they were enslaved.
Notes: The practice of allowing the needy to glean in the field was grounded in the remembrance of Israel’s hard service in Egypt.