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Deuteronomy - Chapter 22

Bible Study Notes
Deuteronomy 22:1-5 The Israelites were to return to his neighbor anything found. If it is unknown who the lost item belongs to, they were to keep it in their home until the owner comes to claim it. Men shall wear men’s clothing and women shall wear women’s clothing. It’s an abomination to do otherwise.

Notes: It was the Israelites duty to pursue and bring back the lost property of his neighbor. This instance specifically outlawed transvestism. The creation order distinctions between male and female were to be maintained without exception.

Deuteronomy 22:6-12 The Israelites must not take a mother bird along with its young if they stumble upon a nest. No parapets shall be constructed on top of a roof less someone falls from it and dies and the guilt of blood comes upon their home. They shall not sow two different seeds in the same vineyard. Only two of the same animal shall be yoked together when plowing. A combination of wool and linen to make clothing is forbidden. They shall attach tassels on the four corners of their garments.

Notes: By letting the mother bird go, food could be acquired without killing the source of future food. Roofs are to be flat and to be accessed from stairs from the outside of the house. A fence was to be built around the edges of the roof also. Flat roofs were used for various household activities, including sleeping in hot weather.

two kinds of seed. The aim of the legislation seems to be to maintain healthy crops by keeping the seeds separate from one another.

Two different animals couldn’t together plow a straight line.

Deuteronomy 22:13-21 If a man discovers that his new wife has laid with another man, the parents of the woman must prove her innocence before the elders. If the parents of the woman proved her innocence, the husband shall be punished by whipping, and a fine of a hundred shekels of silver shall be given to the father of the woman. The man shall never be allowed to divorce his wife. If the women is found guilty, she shall be stoned to death.

Notes: The parent’s proof could be the saved blood-stained garment or bed sheet of the young woman on their wedding night.

Deuteronomy 22:22-27 If a man is found lying with a another man’s wife or a woman engaged to be married to another man, both shall die. If a man forcefully lays with an engaged women in the open country where it is possible no one could hear her cry for help, then only the man shall die.

Notes: Adultery was a capital offense throughout the ancient world.

Deuteronomy 22:28-30 If a man is found lying with a woman by force that is not engaged to be married, the man shall pay her father fifty shekels of silver and marry her, never allowing to divorce her. A man shall not lay with his father’s wife.

Notes: This most likely refers to a stepmother or polygamy (father has more than one wife). In other words, not his own real mother.

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